If you see a green down arrow, that means the horse is dropping in class. A red up arrow means moving up in class. The class comparison is based on the horse's last race on the SAME surface as the current race. You can also see the class of the last race run by looking at "Prev Race: This is simply a quick indication of the track, class, and finish position of the horse in his last race e.
Of course, if you want to see the past performance in detail, view the past performance matrix. There are essentially two kinds of medication given to racehorses, Lasix and Bute.
Bute is only legal at certain tracks typically on the West Coast. Any horse that is using Lasix for the first time will almost always improve. I indicate this on my tip sheet with a special icon. On the other hand, Bute is very different. A horse either needs Bute to run well, or can't run at all with Bute.
By looking at a horse's past performances, you can tell if they run better with or without Bute. The medication column on the past performance is indicated by a 'B' if the horse was using Bute. If a horse runs well with Bute and now is off Bute I use an icon to indicate this , the horse will typically run down and run a terrible race. However, if a horse has always ran with Bute and didn't do well, the horse may run a big race the first time running without Bute.
Many racing enthusiasts make the mistake of betting a particular jockey. It is true that jockeys may have significantly different winning percentages. However, these people do not realize that the most popular jockeys also get the best mounts. A jockey cannot make a horse run better than the horse's natural ability. Conversely, a jockey can ruin a horse's chance to win by giving the horse a bad ride.
It is the case, however, that some jockeys "know" how to ride a particular horse better. By looking at the horse's past performance matrix, you can see which jockeys typically rode the horse well. I personally put minimal weight on the rider of the horse. Keep this in mind: Nevertheless, when there is a change of jockey, I highlight it on my selections form. I show the past jockey's record at the track the horse last raced, and the current jockey's record at the current track.
If the record has a star next to it, that means the data was not accurate and I had to estimate the jockey's record for that track. Trainer changes can make a big difference, especially over the span of the horse's next few races.
Simply, you can compare the records between the previous and current trainers. Again, if there is a change, I highlight it on my selections form.
If the record has a star next to it, that means the data was not accurate and I had to estimate the trainer's record for that track. Big 'Uns are big payouts that you would have hit had you followed our handicapping picks. We will be publishing handicapping articles periodically on the site. Follow The Tiers This is the most important concept when reading my handicapping picks. Handpick Your Races Although I am successful at predicting many races, it is common sense that you must be selective when choosing the races to bet.
It Takes Money to Win Money While you should handpick your races to conserve your bankroll, be prepared to commit enough money to make a proper bet when you find a race you like. Workouts, Workouts, Workouts Besides my selections themselves, workouts are the second most important gauge of a horse's ability.
Dirt Horses are either main track horses or turf horses, not both. Track Condition It always amazed me that most handicappers never take track condition into consideration.
Class Dropdowns Another thing to watch for are horses that are dropping in class. Layoffs Layoffs are important in the following two ways: If a horse hasn't raced for more than 45 days since his last race, the horse is currently laid off. Horses that are significantly laid off, tend to not perform to their normal standards because they need a race to get back on track no pun intended.
However, the importance of layoffs varies from track to track. At tracks with better horses e. Aqueduct, Gulfstream Park, Hollywood Park , even a short layoff can transform a horse from a contender to a loser.
However at tracks with cheaper horses, horses can win their first race back from a long layoff. If a horse's last race was coming off a layoff, the horse is bound to improve this time out.
The past race was "needed" and will usually not indicate the horse's true ability. In the past performance section if a race was coming back from a layoff, I highlight the date of the past performance in red. Medication Change There are essentially two kinds of medication given to racehorses, Lasix and Bute.
This is the horse's first start on the turf. Click here to see the section describing Turf vs. The horse had one or more "Monster" workouts since his last race. Click here to see the section describing workouts. The horse looked significantly better in his last outing compared to the horse's typical form.
The horse could be in better form now or may have just had a fluke race. Typically, I rank horses by examining their form over their last several races. If the horse has improved, he could be better than his ranking shows. The horse had an excuse on his last outing. Either something bad happened left at the gate, bumped, etc.
Click here to see the section describing layoffs. Since I rank horses over several past performances, their rank should be accurate. However, if you are looking at the past performance matrix of a horse and examine his last race, you should expect to see this horse perform better this time out. The horse is coming off a layoff that was days or more. There are also identical icons for 45, 90, and day layoffs.
The horse's last race was recent and on a turf surface. Typically, main track horses become much tighter after a recent turf race. The horse is a 3 year old in a claiming race with a claiming tag. Typically this is a bad sign since decent 3 year olds would be protected. The horse is a 3 year old in an allowance race. Non-Winners of 2 Lifetime in less time.
Blinkers have been put on for this race. Typically, this equipment change benefits horses that go right to the lead and tire. It helps them to settle in and save ground. A favored team that wins by less than the point spread still wins the game, but bets on that team lose.
The term handicap derives from hand-in-cap , referring to a system wherein players placed bets or money into the cap of a neutral arbiter to reach an agreement as to the relative values of items sought to be traded. In a 'result adjustment' style handicap event, the outcome may be adjusted by some factor determined by the handicap.
Some forms of car or yacht racing. In a 'pursuit' style handicap race, all participants are clocked in a time trial before the race. When this takes place at the same event as the main race, it is known as the handicap. In the race itself, the participants do not all start at the same "Go"; the starts are staggered, based on the handicaps. The slowest swimmer, or cyclist, for example, starts first and the fastest starts last, making the end of the race hopefully close. An ideal handicap race is one in which all participants finish at the same time.
Similarly, physically staggered starting positions can be used, for example, in greyhound racing a handicap race is where greyhounds based on their ability start from different starting traps set at different measurements from the finish line, and in human foot racing, for example, the Stawell Gift.
Some motorsport events, especially in sports car racing , demand teams to stop the vehicle in the pitbox a fixed period of time depending on the drivers' classification, thus giving advantage to less skilled drivers. An example of a championship using this system is the International GT Open. The advantage of this system over ballast weight systems is that vehicles have the normal performance on track, so better drivers will be able to recover time and overtake slower drivers.
A handicap race in horse racing is a race in which horses carry different weights, allocated by the handicapper. A better horse will carry a heavier weight, to give him or her a disadvantage when racing against slower horses. The handicapper's goal in assigning handicap weights is to enable all the horses to finish together in a dead heat. The skill in betting on a handicap horse race is in determining which horse can overcome its handicap.
Handicapping in go includes the weaker player being given an advantage by placing a number of stones before the stronger player commences, and by final points adjustment. Handicapping in shogi is achieved by removing one or more pieces from the stronger player's side.
Shogi Japanese chess and many of its variants have handicaps. The polo handicap is an estimation of the player's worth to his or her team. It is an overall rating of a player's horsemanship, team play, knowledge of the game, strategy and horses.
The difference between the total of the polo handicaps for the players on each team is then used to determine the minimum score difference for the better team to score to enable them to win. Handicaps for sailing vessels in sailing races have varied throughout history, and they also vary by country, and by sailing organisation. Sailing handicap standards exist internationally, nationally, and within individual sailing clubs. Sailing race handicaps may be based on vessel capability and-or crew experience, and today typically adjust the time a vessel takes to reach the finish point of the race.
Calculated Match Average is a handicap calculated for every motorcycle speedway rider. There are strategies that involve differences in the lines on the same event at different books. One bet is called a "middle", which when a player finds two books that offer different point spreads for the same event. They will bet the more favorable spread at both books, and if the final score falls between the two, the bettor will win both bets.
On the other hand, if the total falls outside the range of the "middle" the bettor only loses a small percentage of a bet the "juice" or "vig" taken by the house. If a player bets Team B at Book 1, and Team A at Book 2, he will win both bets if either side wins by 2 or less points, and will win one bet and lose the other known as a "side" if either team wins by 3 points.
Another strategy, known as arbitrage, or an "arb" or "scalp", involves finding different moneylines for the same event. In this case, the bettor will bet the more favorable line at both books, and have a guaranteed profit.
This is a no-risk bet, as the player is guaranteed a profit no matter the result of the game. Because sports betting had a social taboo at the time, Snyder was not allowed to mention betting on games specifically. Instead, he would predict the score. Over the years the attitude towards sports betting, and handicapping in general, has changed.
Billy Walters was profiled by 60 Minutes because of his handicapping abilities. D's and works off of algorithmic information for his predictions. In the past, very few people did any mathematical calculations when handicapping sporting events. Predictions were usually made from hunches or information not readily available to the public. However, with the advancement of technology computers powerful enough to run advanced simulation models now frequent homes and offices.
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