Basic Volleyball Rules Related Pages
Both the sidelines and endlines are part of the dimensions of the volleyball court. The centerline is the line that divides the court into 2 equal halves. However, the entire centerline is considered part of each side of the court. The attack line extends from sideline to sideline and is placed 3 meters or 9 feet 10 inches from the centerline. The service zone is 9 meters or 29 feet 6 inches in width and in depth extends to the end of the free zone.
The volleyball net height is measured from the center of the net. Get Instant Access to my 32 drills for spiking. Official Rules for Reaching Over Official rules for playing the ball above the net. Libero Rules The volleyball rules for the libero are very different from rules for the players on the rest of the team. Rules for Officials Rules for volleyball officials involve procedures for the first referee, second referee, line judges, and score keeper. The first official, or R1 New Rules New rules in volleyball for the season.
New rule changes for highschool and collegiate volleyball. College Rule Changes College volleyball rule changes for the collegiate volleyball season.
Beach Rules for Playing the Ball Beach rules for playing the ball - blocking, attacking, serving, screening, double contacts, prolonged contact, pursuit rule Thus, one may speak of single or solo , double, or triple block. Successful blocking does not always result in a "roof" and many times does not even touch the ball. While it's obvious that a block was a success when the attacker is roofed, a block that consistently forces the attacker away from his or her 'power' or preferred attack into a more easily controlled shot by the defense is also a highly successful block.
At the same time, the block position influences the positions where other defenders place themselves while opponent hitters are spiking. Digging is the ability to prevent the ball from touching one's court after a spike or attack, particularly a ball that is nearly touching the ground. It is especially important while digging for players to stay on their toes; several players choose to employ a split step to make sure they're ready to move in any direction.
Some specific techniques are more common in digging than in passing. A player may sometimes perform a "dive", i. When the player also slides his or her hand under a ball that is almost touching the court, this is called a "pancake". The pancake is frequently used in indoor volleyball, but rarely if ever in beach volleyball because the uneven and yielding nature of the sand court limits the chances that the ball will make a good, clean contact with the hand.
When used correctly, it is one of the more spectacular defensive volleyball plays. Sometimes a player may also be forced to drop his or her body quickly to the floor to save the ball. In this situation, the player makes use of a specific rolling technique to minimize the chances of injuries.
Volleyball is essentially a game of transition from one of the above skills to the next, with choreographed team movement between plays on the ball.
These team movements are determined by the teams chosen serve receive system, offensive system, coverage system, and defensive system. The serve-receive system is the formation used by the receiving team to attempt to pass the ball to the designated setter. Systems can consist of 5 receivers, 4 receivers, 3 receivers, and in some cases 2 receivers. The most popular formation at higher levels is a 3 receiver formation consisting of two left sides and a libero receiving every rotation.
This allows middles and right sides to become more specialized at hitting and blocking. Offensive systems are the formations used by the offense to attempt to ground the ball into the opposing court or otherwise score points. Formations often include designated player positions with skill specialization see Player specialization , below. Popular formations include the , , and systems see Formations , below. There are also several different attacking schemes teams can use to keep the opposing defense off balance.
Coverage systems are the formations used by the offense to protect their court in the case of a blocked attack. Executed by the 5 offensive players not directly attacking the ball, players move to assigned positions around the attacker to dig up any ball that deflects off the block back into their own court. Popular formations include the system and the system. In lieu of a system, some teams just use a random coverage with the players nearest the hitter.
Defensive systems are the formations used by the defense to protect against the ball being grounded into their court by the opposing team. The system will outline which players are responsible for which areas of the court depending on where the opposing team is attacking from. There are also several different blocking schemes teams can employ to disrupt the opposing teams offense.
When one player is ready to serve, some teams will line up their other five players in a screen to obscure the view of the receiving team.
This action is only illegal if the server makes use of the screen, so the call is made at the referee's discretion as to the impact the screen made on the receiving team's ability to pass the ball. The most common style of screening involves a W formation designed to take up as much horizontal space as possible.
Coaching for volleyball can be classified under two main categories: The objective of match coaching is to win a match by managing a team's strategy.
Developmental coaching emphasizes player development through the reinforcement of basic skills during exercises known as " drills. A coach will construct drills that simulate match situations thereby encouraging speed of movement, anticipation, timing, communication, and team-work. At the various stages of a player's career, a coach will tailor drills to meet the strategic requirements of the team.
The American Volleyball Coaches Association is the largest organization in the world dedicated exclusively to volleyball coaching. There are 5 positions filled on every volleyball team at the elite level. Each of these positions plays a specific, key role in winning a volleyball match.
At some levels where substitutions are unlimited, teams will make use of a Defensive Specialist in place of or in addition to a Libero. This position does not have unique rules like the libero position, instead, these players are used to substitute out a poor back row defender using regular substitution rules.
A defensive specialist is often used if you have a particularly poor back court defender in right side or left side, but your team is already using a libero to take out your middles. Most often, the situation involves a team using a right side player with a big block who must be subbed out in the back row because they aren't able to effectively play back court defense.
Similarly, teams might use a Serving Specialist to sub out a poor server. The three standard volleyball formations are known as "4—2", "6—2" and "5—1", which refers to the number of hitters and setters respectively. The 4—2 formation has four hitters and two setters. The setters usually set from the middle front or right front position. The team will therefore have two front-row attackers at all times.
In the international 4—2, the setters set from the right front position. The international 4—2 translates more easily into other forms of offense. The setters line up opposite each other in the rotation. The typical lineup has two outside hitters. By aligning like positions opposite themselves in the rotation, there will always be one of each position in the front and back rows.
After service, the players in the front row move into their assigned positions, so that the setter is always in middle front. Alternatively, the setter moves into the right front and has both a middle and an outside attacker; the disadvantage here lies in the lack of an offside hitter, allowing one of the other team's blockers to "cheat in" on a middle block.
The clear disadvantage to this offensive formation is that there are only two attackers, leaving a team with fewer offensive weapons. Another aspect is to see the setter as an attacking force, albeit a weakened force, because when the setter is in the front court they are able to 'tip' or 'dump', so when the ball is close to the net on the second touch, the setter may opt to hit the ball over with one hand. This means that the blocker who would otherwise not have to block the setter is engaged and may allow one of the hitters to have an easier attack.
In the 6—2 formation, a player always comes forward from the back row to set. The three front row players are all in attacking positions. Thus, all six players act as hitters at one time or another, while two can act as setters. So the 6—2 formation is actually a 4—2 system, but the back-row setter penetrates to set. The 6—2 lineup thus requires two setters, who line up opposite to each other in the rotation.
In addition to the setters, a typical lineup will have two middle hitters and two outside hitters. After service, the players in the front row move into their assigned positions.
The advantage of the 6—2 is that there are always three front-row hitters available, maximizing the offensive possibilities. However, not only does the 6—2 require a team to possess two people capable of performing the highly specialized role of setter, it also requires both of those players to be effective offensive hitters when not in the setter position. At the international level, only the Cuban National Women's Team employs this kind of formation.
It is also used by NCAA teams in Division III men's play and women's play in all divisions, partially due to the variant rules used which allow more substitutions per set than the 6 allowed in the standard rules—12 in matches involving two Division III men's teams  and 15 for all women's play. The 5—1 formation has only one player who assumes setting responsibilities regardless of his or her position in the rotation. The team will therefore have three front-row attackers when the setter is in the back row, and only two when the setter is in the front row, for a total of five possible attackers.
The player opposite the setter in a 5—1 rotation is called the opposite hitter. In general, opposite hitters do not pass; they stand behind their teammates when the opponent is serving.
The opposite hitter may be used as a third attack option back-row attack when the setter is in the front row: Normally the opposite hitter is the most technically skilled hitter of the team. Back-row attacks generally come from the back-right position, known as zone 1, but are increasingly performed from back-center in high-level play. Could you explain this. When the ball is attacked or served with immense force and the receiver could not be able to pass the ball by fingering or under arm.
Whether he can contact the ball with both the hands opened with a minimum contact. As we know, players have to rotate in clockwise turn during game right? So, if switching between players are allowed, back row to front row, middle to setter eg. Teams occasionally have issues where a back-court setter forgets they are a back-court player and get involved in blocking, or tip above net height etc.
In general you can only hit the ball once, the main exception is if you block the ball, then you are allowed a second hit — but otherwise a team-mate would need to hit it before you can do so again. For instance, if I serve and lose the serve is it a point to the opponent the? Or is it just a lost of serve and not a point? Again in the game if I serve and the oppenents return the ball directly we fail to play the ball, will it be a point for the oppornents? How are points counted here?
So yes if you fault on the serve, the other team gets a point and gets to serve next. In a game I was playing with my friends the other day, an argument came up. It was my serve and at one point I got a fault, then a point, then another fault. Which of these two if either are correct? If you fault on your serve, the other team gets a point, and the serve passes to them. I am the setter and in a game two nights ago, a girl on the opposing team went to tip it over and I blocked her tip, but both of our hands were on the ball at the same time her hands touched the ball before mine: I could feel the force she was using, but since she was up earlier than me I was able to get the ball back over, but the Referee gave the point to the other team.
Was that just a bad call or was it my fault? Simultaneous contact with the ball is fine and play should have continued as per the FIVB volleyball rules below:. I am thinking NFHS rules on this. A server gets one attempt to serve. Of course in some circumstances and matches it may not be appropriate to apply that rule. If the serve clips the net and carries on to the opponents court then this is fine and play continues — even if it clips the net and falls very close to the net.
The front-court players are allowed to block so in theory all 3 of them can block at the same time. Just be aware it does leave less players to cover tips etc. Officially the volleyball needs to be thrown. The FIVB volleyball rules have just changed on this.
Sai I hit the ball into the net, it bounces off, they allow me to hit it again, attempting to pass or set it off the net. A team gets 3 hits before the ball needs to go back over the net. So in answer to your question, it would be a foul unless the first of the 3 touches was a block. What if my one leg enters into their court while the other is still in my court? Is it a foul? This happend after I jumped to block.
When receiving the serve one of players passed the ball and grazing another player and the we set and spiked the ball was that 4 contacts. Did the graze count as a touch. If the serve receiver digs the ball into their own chest for example then this would be OK — bit if it hits a different played then it would be a foul.
Presumably you mean to spike hit or block the ball back to the serving team? If so, this is not allowed for front court players If hit above the top of the net. Normally a foul and the team that hit the ceiling loses the point. You may want to relax this rule if beginners are playing or if the ceiling is particularly low maybe play the point again? Players on the receiving side typically switch when the ball has been sent back over the net sometimes the front 3 will switch as the serve is coming over.
In volleyball you can serve from anywhere behind your own baseline and yes the serve can land anywhere in the opponents court. The server keeps serving until the other team wins a point — then serve switches to the other team.
Can I use my foot on a serve? That is to say kick it over the net on serve? Or head head it over even not likely or do you have to use your hands on a serve? Hi sir After spiking the ball, on landing the spiker foot should not cross the line completely or can cross but a part should touch the central line.
Is that possible her to join? How can we say that it is a hold when setting or by any body touches. Again, this is fine but it counts as one of the teams 3 hits 3 — Its down to the referee really. Yes this is fine — just remember the rules about back-court players attacking in front of the attack-line. When I do a foul serve will the point goes to opposition? Who is eligible to obtain the second hit? Our setter runs all over trying to get that pass set to the hitters. Would we be better off with a court?
If a player hits the ball with one hand, with the same motion as a spike, but their feet does not leave the ground, would that be a spike or a hit? When I smashed a ball and it was blocked by opposition and goes for out without any other touch.
If a spicker spikes the ball then if he touches the middle lind with his foot is it fine or foul?? And tell me all the middle line touching rules…??? Setter tries to drop the 2nd ball to opponent court and it touches opponent hands while he tries to block.
Does it count as a block? Or only a block is vaild why blocking a spike? Blocking applies to any attack hit i. Which team wins the point and which team serves next? Is the same person or any member of the attacking team allowed to play the ball again?
My other leg is still in my court and is this still a fault? Suppose a person served the ball and it goes to the other side by touching the upper end of the net……. A serve is allowed to clip the net, as long as it goes over and into court then the serving team would win the point.
According to latest rules in volleyball what if the other team score 0 zero and opponent score Will opponent will or shall continue the point upto 25……?? Is this allowed or not???? Can you set the ball to the other side and score a point? If their team is playing close to the net, can I just set it over their head and hit the back line? Where is the rule disallowing sets?
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