Handball in its present form developed in Europe in the s from earlier games. The game, in its man outdoor version, first appeared at the Olympics in It was subsequently dropped from the Olympics but returned as the 7-man indoor game in We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Handball , any of a family of games played in walled courts or against a single wall, with a small rubber ball that is struck with hand or fist against the wall. The object is to cause the ball to rebound with variations of power or speed and at such an…. Fives , a ball game played by two or four players in a court enclosed on three or four sides, the hard ball being struck with the hand usually protected by a glove.
The derivation of the word fives is doubtful. It may be from an old game called Longue Paume,…. Olympic Games , athletic festival that originated in ancient Greece and was revived in the late 19th century.
Before the s the Games were officially limited to competitors with amateur status, but in the s many events were opened to professional athletes. Russia are the record title holders with four victories, with France the most recent World Champions.
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From Outright winners of competitions to Match Result bets, and Spread First Half to Total Team Goals markets, there is plenty for fans of betting on handball to enjoy! At bettingexpert, we believe we offer the best handball betting predictions around. Typically the referee will give a warning yellow card for an illegal action; but, if the contact was particularly dangerous, like striking the opponent in the head, neck or throat, the referee can forego the warning for an immediate two-minute suspension.
A player can get only one warning before receiving a two-minute suspension. One player is only permitted two two-minute suspensions; after the third time, they will be shown the red card. A red card results in an ejection from the game and a two-minute penalty for the team. A player may receive a red card directly for particularly rough penalties. For instance, any contact from behind during a fast break is now being treated with a red card.
A red-carded player has to leave the playing area completely. A player who is disqualified may be substituted with another player after the two-minute penalty is served. A coach or official can also be penalized progressively. Any coach or official who receives a two-minute suspension will have to pull out one of their players for two minutes; however, the player is not the one punished, and can be substituted in again, as the penalty consists of the team playing with a one player less than the opposing team.
After referees award the ball to the opponents for whatever reason, the player currently in possession of the ball has to lay it down quickly, or else face a two-minute suspension. Also, gesticulating or verbally questioning the referee's order, as well as arguing with the officials' decisions, will normally result in a two-minute suspension. If the suspended player protests further, does not walk straight off the field to the bench, or if the referee deems the tempo deliberately slow, the player can be given an additional two-minute suspension.
Illegal substitution outside of the dedicated area, or if the replacement player enters too early is also punishable by a two-minute suspension. Players are typically referred to by the positions they are playing. The positions are always denoted from the view of the respective goalkeeper, so that a defender on the right opposes an attacker on the left.
However, not all of the following positions may be occupied depending on the formation or potential suspensions. There are many variations in defensive formations. Usually, they are described as n: Exceptions are the 3: Attacks are played with all field players on the side of the defenders. Depending on the speed of the attack, one distinguishes between three attack waves with a decreasing chance of success:. The third wave evolves into the normal offensive play when all defenders not only reach the zone, but gain their accustomed positions.
Some teams then substitute specialised offence players. However, this implies that these players must play in the defence should the opposing team be able to switch quickly to offence. The latter is another benefit for fast playing teams. If the attacking team does not make sufficient progress eventually releasing a shot on goal , the referees can call passive play since about , the referee gives a passive warning some time before the actual call by holding one hand up in the air, signalling that the attacking team should release a shot soon , turning control over to the other team.
A shot on goal or an infringement leading to a yellow card or two-minute penalty will mark the start of a new attack, causing the hand to be taken down; but a shot blocked by the defense or a normal free throw will not. If it were not for this rule, it would be easy for an attacking team to stall the game indefinitely, as it is difficult to intercept a pass without at the same time conceding dangerous openings towards the goal.
Very fast teams will also try a 3—3 formation which is close to a switching man-to-man style. The formations vary greatly from country to country, and reflect each country's style of play. Handball teams are usually organised as clubs. On a national level, the clubs are associated in federations which organize matches in leagues and tournaments.
Handball is an Olympic sport played during the Summer Olympics. The IHF organizes world championships , held in odd-numbered years, with separate competitions for men and women. The IHF is composed of five continental federations: These federations organize continental championships held every other second year.
In addition to continental competitions between national teams, the federations arrange international tournaments between club teams. The current worldwide attendance record for seven-a-side handball was set on September 6, , during a neutral venue German league game between HSV Hamburg and the Mannheim -based Rhein-Neckar Lions. Handball events have been selected as a main motif in numerous collectors' coins. On the coin, the modern athlete directs the ball in his hands towards his target, while in the background the ancient athlete is just about to throw a ball, in a game known as cheirosphaira, in a representation taken from a black-figure pottery vase of the Archaic period.
The most recent commemorative coin featuring handball is the British 50 pence coin , part of the series of coins commemorating the London Olympic Games. Team handball Website Name: May 03, URL: Media related to Handball at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Team handball.
For other uses, see Handball disambiguation. Handball player moves towards the goal prior to throwing the ball, while the goalkeeper waits to stop it. Anchal Dubey national player from Ballia. Handball portal Sports portal. Archived from the original on Retrieved 28 November Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 2 February Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 3 September Archived from the original on 31 March Sport Governing bodies Sportspeople National sport.
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